Improving Soil Structure, Water Infiltration with No-Till and Cover Crops

Nathan Brown has benefitted from decreased soil erosion, less weed pressure and cost savings by incorporating regenerative practices on his 1,050 acre operation.

Pictured Above: BENEFITS ABOUND. Cover crops have helped first generation farmer Nathan Brown with weed pressure, decreasing input costs, increasing worm populations and organic matter, improving water holding capacity, and more

ONE DAY IN December 2010, Nathan Brown was driving by his neighbor’s farm in southeastern Ohio. Brown saw that his neighbor was out drilling a crop in the field — an unusual sight for that time of year. Brown says he thought to himself, ‘What is old Ed doing now?’ As the months passed, Brown found out Ed was drilling cereal rye and he watched as it grew, reaching 6 feet by May. 

Brown had heard a little about cover crops being used to improve water quality issues but hadn’t used them himself. He didn’t grow up on a farm, but indulged his passion for agriculture by working on a nearby farm through high school and college. He paid attention to how other neighbors were farming and learned from them.

Getting Started with No-Till.

“We did a lot of tillage on the farm I worked for,” Brown comments. “Starting on April 1, we’d chisel plow the ground. The neighbors across the fence no-tilled everything. It would drive me crazy to see them planting and here I was, still chisel plowing.”

In 2002, Brown started his own operation in Hillsboro, Ohio, with 25 acres of soybeans and half an acre of tobacco but he kept his other farm job until he could afford to buy and rent more land. Two…

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