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Nearly 35% of cropland acres in the U.S. are no-tilled and more than 10 million acres of cover crops have been seeded across the country.
That’s the conclusion drawn by the 2012 Census of Agriculture, the results of which were released recently by the U.S. Department of Agriculture.
The wide-ranging survey, held every 5 years, produced a 695-page report on numerous aspects of U.S. agriculture, including the number of tillable acres that were no-tilled or saw conservation or conventional-tillage practices.
As of 2012, there were more than 389 million acres of total cropland in the U.S. and 279 million tillable acres, with 96 million acres falling under no-till practices — up from about 88 million acres that the USDA’s Economic Research Service (ERS) estimated in 2010. That report used figures compiled from 2000 to 2007.
Another 76 million acres — or 27% of the U.S. total crop acres — fell under “conservation tillage.” This means 173 million acres — or 62% — of U.S. tillable acres saw some type of conservation tillage practice when the Census was taken.
The Census found that no-till was practiced on 278,290 farms, conservation tillage on 195,738 farms and conventional tillage on 405,692 operations.
Overall, no-till practices are continuing a pattern of growth since statistics were first kept in 1972. Forty years ago, there were 3.3 million acres of no-till in the U.S., and the total has grown by an average of 2.3% annually since that year.
No-Till Farmer editor Frank Lessiter noted the dramatic…