Persistence, Careful Investments Bolster No-Till Bottom Line

Precision technology, cover crops and better planting and fertilization equipment helped Lee Thelen preserve variable, highly erodible soils and expand his Michigan no-till operation.

Converting a farm to no-till was a gradual process, but it’s paid off in many ways for Lee Thelen.

The longtime St. Johns, Mich., no-tiller has seen soil organic matter rise and erosion and compaction decrease on his mid-Michigan farm, where he grows corn, soybeans and wheat. Cover crops and manure applications are also taking soil health to a higher level.

“It was a cost-saving measure at the time,” Thelen says of his foray into no-till during the 1980s. “There were tough years and we ate a lot of peanut butter. My wife is an ag agent and her income helped us along.”

Challenging Start. Thelen started by no-tilling corn acres, but didn’t have the machinery to convert 100% of his farm. The capital outlay wasn’t expensive, but his first few years weren’t lucrative because of high interest rates at the time.

But Thelen’s no-till operation took a step up in 1994 when he added a Great Plains 20-foot no-till drill and John Deere 7000 eight-row corn planter that were more suitable for no-tilling.

Currently, Thelen’s primary rotation is corn and soybeans, but he also incorporates wheat and soybeans on some fields and all three together on some acres. His soils range from sandy to clay to loam and “anything in between,” he says. Most of his land is quite hilly and he finds no-till is a good fit for those acres.

“The trash on the field ensures the water stays put,” he says. “It doesn’t run downhill.”

When Thelen…

To view the content, please subscribe or login.
 Premium content is for our Digital-only and Premium subscribers. A Print-only subscription doesn't qualify. Please purchase/upgrade a subscription with the Digital product to get access to all No-Till Farmer content and archives online. Learn more about the different versions and what is included.

Top Articles

Current Issue


No-Till Farmer

Get full access NOW to the most comprehensive, powerful and easy-to-use online resource for no-tillage practices. Just one good idea will pay for your subscription hundreds of times over.

Subscribe Now

View More

Must Read Free Eguides

Download these helpful knowledge building tools

View More
Top Directory Listings