RAISED BEDS. Zone-seeded summer cover crops protect 6-foot wide, raised beds. In late May 2005, soybeans were drill-seeded on the bed tops and foxtail millet was grown on the bed shoulders and between-bed alleyways.

No-Till And Organic Techniques Coming Together Out East

Thirty years of research, trial and error and changing attitudes, along with improved equipment, are setting the stage for grower success.

“HELP!” Horticulturist Ron Morse remembers the day nearly 30 years ago when that message, scrawled by a county extension agent on the bottom of a snapshot, arrived at his Virginia Tech University office. The photo showed a mud slide blocking a rural Appalachian farm road. What was left of a cabbage patch planted on a steep sloping field was mired in the mud.

“Situations like that, where vegetable growers were still plowing those steep slopes with disastrous results, led me to a career in no-till vegetable crop production,” Morse recalls.

Over the next three decades, the horticulturist led the way in research on cover crops, cover crop rollers, transplanters, raised bed production, crop rotation and other aspects of conservation-oriented no-till vegetable growing. Morse’s outreach efforts have resulted in the adoption of no-till and no-till organic farming methods by vegetable farmers across a wide area.

“Organic no-till is simply the final leg of a sustainable agriculture system we started building years ago,” he says. “I have found the key to success for those going organic isn’t just that you will no longer use chemical fertilizer or herbicides; successful growers create a complete system that also restricts weed growth, attracts beneficial insects, saves costs and improves the yield and quality of marketable products.”

Changing Attitudes


Morse retired from full-time academic service a couple of years ago but stays busy in an emeritus role.

Most recently, he received grants to continue his work through USDA’s Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education (SARE) agency to…

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Ross ron

Ron Ross

Ron Ross pioneered the “What I’ve Learned from No-Tilling” series that has appeared in every issue of No-Till Farmer since August of 2002. He authored more than 100 of these articles.

A graduate of South Dakota State University’s agricultural journalism program, Ross spent most of his career as a writer and editor.

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