Name: Eugene Wahling
Location: Shelby, Iowa (operates family farm corporation with brothers Dennis and David)
Years Of No-Tilling: 18 (continuous no-till for 12 years)
Acres No-Tilled: 2,000
Crops No-Tilled: Corn, soybeans, barley
OUR farm in southwestern Iowa has been a leader in soil conservation since the “dirty” 1930s. My father was one of the first individuals to install field terraces on our highly erodible land to slow water runoff and save the topsoil. We’ve kept a copy of the Des Moines Sunday Register from October 1968 that describes how Dad (Edgar Wahling) and I constructed the first push-up grassed-backslope terrace in the United States.
We were honored that year with the state’s conservation farm family award under the Iowa Soil Conservation Achievement Awards program. Dad first came up with the idea when it became difficult to farm older-style terraces. His idea, also called a bench terrace, was designed to provide wide, level cropland that could be farmed with the newest 6- and 8-row equipment available at the time.
Dad also pioneered the use of a land chisel on terraces to increase rainfall infiltration. Back in 1955, following a couple of years of severe drought, he doubled corn yields where he chiseled to a depth of 16 to 20 inches. This was before the Soil Conservation Service or Iowa State University had even tested the technique.
With that historical perspective, it seemed natural that we would be among the first farmers in our area to gradually shift from…